Resources

A Short Guide to Social Impact Measurement

Fujiwara, D. (2014) A Short Guide to Social Impact Measurement. Simetrica

Simetrica has developed the first version of the guide to social impact measurement. The e-book version will follow soon. 

The economic value of culture: A benefit transfer study

Fujiwara, D., Bakhshi, H., Mourato, S., Lawton, R., Hotopp, U., Lagarde, A., Davies, J. (2018)

The main objective of this project is to understand the economic and social value that specific cultural institutions in England provide to individual visitors and non-visitors in the general population. This necessitates estimating both their use and non-use value. Using the benefit transfer method we values for cultural sites estimated from the study are transferred to similar sites in England.

Canada Government: Impact Measurement Guidelines

Fujiwara, D., Joyce, C., Gramatki, I.  (2019)

Simetrica produced technical guidelines on measuring the impact of policies and programmes for the Government of Canada. This guide emphasizes the use of rigorous impact measurement techniques and provides recommendations on statistical methods that should be applied to understand the impact of Government policy and investment. The guidelines were written for the Privy Council Office, Government of Canada.

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Assessing the wellbeing impacts of waterways usage in England and Wales

Fujiwara, Maxwell and Keohane (2018).

 

The objective of this research is to assess the impact of waterways usage on the wellbeing of users in England and Wales and to value this usage in monetary terms, helping to measure impact in a ‘common currency’ with costs. 

Evaluation of the Economic Impact and Public Value of the Superfast Broadband Programme

Joint-research paper with Ipsos Mori (2018)

 

This paper explores the impact of access to superfast broadband on communities' wellbeing in the UK and estimates the value to the public of superfast broadband subsidies.

GIVERS - The Behavioural Science behind recruiting, retaining and motivating volunteers

Fujiwara, Watt and Lawton (2018)

 

 For the first time, groundbreaking behavioural science research, has given us new evidence and insight into what drives people to volunteer, and what keeps them from doing so

Application of subjective wellbeing approach to the water sector: Impacts of roadworks and flooding incidents

Fujiwara, D., Houston, R., & Keohane, K., (2018)

This paper is the first application of the wellbeing valuation method to understanding and estimating the costs of water-related incidents on people's quality of life. 

Australian Social Value Bank

The Australian Social Value Bank is a tool which allows you to measure your social value in a straightforward and standardised way using a robust and consistent method which is recognised by the OECD.  It allows you to: - quantify the social difference you make as an organisation;- conduct rapid appraisals that compare the social impact of your different projects;- make quick and informed decisions about social investment, rather than basing decisions on what simply “feels right”.

Healthy people depend on healthy food systems: Methodology for valuing the Agriculture and the wider food system Related Costs of Health (MARCH)

El-Hage Scialabba, N., Fujiwara, D., Keohane, K., Clayton, V., Hotopp, U. & A. Szydlowska. (October 2017). Healthy people depend on healthy food systems: Methodology for valuing the Agriculture and the wider food system Related Costs of Health (MARCH). Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations.

This paper sets out a UK case study for assessing the impact of the food system's inputs, for example, fertilisers and pesticides, on health using the wellbeing valuation approach.

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NCS: A wellbeing and human capital value for money analysis of the NCS 2015 programme

Watt, W. & V. Clayton (April 2017) NCS: A wellbeing and human capital value for money analysis of the NCS 2015 programme. NCS.

National Citizen Service is a Government-backed initative that that brings together young people aged 15-17 from different backgrounds, giving them the chance to take part in a programme of personal and social development, and community action. This paper explores the impact of NCS on the participants' wellbeing and entry into higher education.

Mental Health and Life Satisfaction: The Relationship between the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale and Life Satisfaction
A pilot study

Fujiwara, D., Keohane, K., Clayton, V. & U. Hotopp (2017). Mental Health and Life Satisfaction: The Relationship between the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale and Life Satisfaction A pilot study. Simetrica. HACT.

"SWEMWBS" is a scale measuring mental health and wellbeing.  This paper sets out the methodology and analytical approach underlying the work to measure the
value to society of changes in mental health as measured by the SWEMWBS scale. This will allow organisations to estimate the social value created by interventions which improve peoples’ mental health and subsequently their overall quality of life or wellbeing.

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Making Time: How behavioural science can persuade more people to give their time and volunteer, with a focus on sport

Making Time: How behavioural science can persuade more people to give their time and volunteer, with a focus on sport. Join In, Simetrica and BT.

Making Time provides a comprehensive new look at the behavioural science around volunteering and in particular volunteering in sport, the UK’s biggest sector. This handout provides a summary of the findings from our extensive review and new regression analysis of UK data sets of both volunteering and sport volunteering. In addition we introduce GIVERS – a practical new tool for everyone with an interest in recruiting, managing and retaining volunteers both within sport and beyond it. 

A303 Stonehenge: Amesbury to Berwick Down Valuing Heritage Impacts

A303 Stonehenge: Amesbury to Berwick Down Valuing Heritage Impacts. Highways England. HE551506-AA-GEN-SWI-RP-JX-000025| P01, S2, 06/02/2017

The Government committed to improving the A303 between Amesbury and Berwick Down and, in doing so, reducing the impact of the road on the Stonehenge World Heritage Site.  Early 2017, Highways England was identifying options to fulfill that commitment.  This study was designed to assess both use values and non-use values associated with the removal of the A303 from its current location within the Stonehenge World Heritage Site, covering both positive and negative aspects of the hypothetical road scenario for users and non-users.

Lighting the way for C2 Connecting Communities: Social Impact Valuation of the Beacon Project 1995-2001

Fujiwara, D., Hotopp, U. & R. Lawton (May 2016) Lighting the way for C2 Connecting Communities: Social Impact Valuation of the Beacon Project 1995-2001. C2 Connecting Communities.

C2 is a unique and dynamic community engagement programme that has been transforming the health & social status of low-income communities in the UK since 1995. This paper uses the wellbeing valuation approach to establish the monetary value of the impact of the Beacon Project, their first project.

Siemens Curiosity Project: A social impact assessment

Fujiwara, D., Lawton, R., Trotter, L. (2015). Simetrica

 

The Curiosity Project is Siemens three-year engagement programme aimed at broadening existing investment to bring to life science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM subjects) for young people. This research assesses the social impact of Siemens investment in STEM interventions using current best practice approaches to evaluation as set out by the UK Government in the HM Treasury Green Book guidance.

Measuring Economic Value in Cultural Institutions

Bakhshi, H., Fujiwara, D., Lawton, R., Mourato, S., Dolan, P. (2015). Arts and Humanities Research Counci

 

This report by Simetrica and Nesta for the Arts and Humanities Research Council explores the value of cultural institutions for visitors and the general public. The research applies two valuation techniques - stated preference methods and the wellbeing valuation approach – to the work of two of the UK’s premier cultural institutions, the Natural History Museum and Tate Liverpool.

The Wellbeing Value of Tackling Homelessness: Identifying the impact on life satisfaction using the Journeys Home dataset.

Fujiwara, D., Vine, J. (2015). Affinity Sutton, Family Mosaic, and Midland Heart.

 

This innovative and ground-breaking research explores key issues around life satisfaction and homelessness. Access to a new longitudinal dataset, Journeys Home, allowed us to apply rigourous statistical methods to assess and measure the impact of the experience of homelessness, moving between housing situations, and to place monetary values on tackling the issue.

The Seven Principle Problems of SROI

Fujiwara, D. (2015) The Seven Principle Problems of SROI. Simetrica

 

Social Return on Investment (SROI) has grown in popularity within the not-for-proft sector, and more recently the private sector, but is yet to be used seriously by a governement or international organisation. In this paper Daniel Fujiwara discusses the principle problems of SROI and provides recommendations on how to address these to drive the development of SROI to be a more robust and academically credible method. 

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'Getting the measure of happiness: The arts and subjective wellbeing in Australia'
A chapter within 'Arts Nation: An Overview of Australian Arts'
Smithies, R. and Fujiwara, D. (2015). Australia Council for the Arts.

 

Many people believe that the arts have a valuable impact on societal wellbeing, but how can this be measured? Using the results of the Australia Council’s 2013 Arts Participation Survey, Daniel Fujiwara and Rachel Smithies have conducted exploratory analysis that shows the arts may be worth $66 billion to Australia’s wellbeing.

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The health impacts of housing associations' community investment activities: Measuring the indirect impact of improved health on wellbeing. An analysis of seven outcomes in the Social Value Bank

Trotter L., Vine J., Fujiwara, D., (2015) Affinity Sutton

 

Analysis for the Social Value Bank controlled for the effects of health calculating values that represented the direct effect of outcomes (such as gaining employment) on people’s wellbeing. This research examines seven key outcomes in the Social Value Bank to see if they also improve people’s wellbeing indirectly through improving their health. A monetary value has been placed on these impacts, and these have been added to the existing values for the direct impact on wellbeing.

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Creative occupations and subjective wellbeing

Fujiwara, D., Dolan, P., Lawton, R. (2015) Nesta Working Paper No. 15/09, Nesta

 

This report statistically analyses whether creative occupations are associated with higher levels of subjective wellbeing, once other factors that affect wellbeing are controlled for. Four different measures of subjective wellbeing (life satisfaction, worthwhileness, happiness and anxiety) from the UK’s Annual Population Survey are analysed.

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Further analysis to value the health and educational benefits of sport and culture 

Fujiwara, D., Kudrna, L., Cornwall, T., Laffan, K., Dolan, P. (2015) DCMS

 

This study for DCMS builds on the original analysis (Fujiwara et al 2014, see below) to develop the evidence base around the social and wellbeing value of culture and sport. This research presents an assessment of the value of measured general health benefits of culture and sport in terms of estimated NHS cost savings.

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The health and wellbeing benefits of public libraries

Fujiwara, D., Lawton, R., Mourato S. (2015) The health and wellbeing benefits of public libraries. Arts Council England

 

Arts Council England commissioned Simetrica to conduct a study to value the health and wellbeing benefits of public libraries. The report looks at the value of engagement in library services to people's quality of life and the value to society of the health benefits of libraries.

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'Happy Economics'
A chapter within the 'History is Now' exhibition catalogue

Fujiwara, D. (2014). Hayward Gallery

 

Daniel Fujiwara teamed up with his brother, Simon, to contribute to the exhibition catalogue of ‘History is Now: 7 artists take on Britain’, an exploration of 70 years of cultural and social history in the Haywood Gallery. Daniel discussed the history of measuring happiness in Britain and the changing role of wellbeing in national policy-making.

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Measuring social value in the arts

Fujiwara, D. (2014). Queensland Government 

 

Daniel Fujiwara's blog for Arts Queensland (the Queensland Government body dedicated to building a strong arts and cultural sector) discusses social value measurement in relation to the arts and the insight that wellbeing valuation can offer in learning about the impact of the arts for audience members and participants

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Cultural activities, artforms and wellbeing

Fujiwara, D. and MacKerron, G. (2014) Cultural activities, artforms and wellbeing

 

Arts Council England commissioned this report to analyse data from Mappiness – an iPhone app that allows users to measure their own wellbeing - in relation to the experience of culture and art.

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Food wastage footprint: Full cost accounting

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2014)

 

A third of all food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted. Simetrica contributed to this UN report to quantify the economic, environmental and social costs of food wastage. Simetrica calculated the wider social costs associated with food wastage that affect people’s wellbeing and livelihoods.

 

 

These value estimates also feature in the FAO Food Wastage Footprint II video that summarises the report. Click the logo on the right to view the video.

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Measuring the Social Impact of Community Investment: a Guide to Using the Wellbeing Valuation Approach

Trotter, L., Vine, J., Leach, M., Fujiwara, D. (2014) Measuring the Social Impact of Community Investment: a Guide to Using the Wellbeing Valuation Approach. HACT.

 

Simetrica and HACT developed the Social Value Bank, the first set of methodologically consistent social impact metrics covering a range of community investment activities drawing on the wellbeing valuation approach.

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Measuring the Social Impact of Community Investment: 
The Methodology Paper

Fujiwara, D. (2014) Measuring the Social Impact of Community Investment: The Methodology Paper. HACT.

 

This paper explains the technical methods behind the development of the Social Value Bank.

Quality of Life: Assessment Airports Commission

The Airports Commission commissioned Simetrica and PwC to model how three shortlisted airport schemes would impact on quality of life. 

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Quantifying and Valuing the Wellbeing Impacts of Culture and Sport 

Fujiwara, D., Kudrna, L., and Dolan, P. (2014). Quantifying and Valuing the Wellbeing Impacts of Culture and Sport. Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 

 

DCMS commissioned analysis to develop the evidence base on the wellbeing impacts of cultural engagement and sport participation. This report presents the results of analysis of the association between culture, sport and measures of subjective wellbeing.

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Quantifying the Social Impact of Culture and Sport​

Fujiwara, D., Kudrna, L., Dolan, P. (2014). Quantifying the Social Impact of Culture and Sport. Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 

 

This report is the second output of the DCMS commission. It presents an analysis of the association between culture, sport participation, and a range of social outcomes with a focus on the cashable or financial benefits and savings.

Valuing mental health. How a subjective wellbeing approach can show just how much it matters

Fujiwara, D. and Dolan, P. (2014). Valuing mental health. How a subjective wellbeing approach can show just how much it matters. UK Council for Psychotherapy.

 

This paper for the UKCP, uses measures of subjective wellbeing to re-assess the impact of mental health on an individual's quality of life. The results provide compelling evidence that mental health is the most important aspect of health for a person's general welfare.

Return on cultural investment: Developing the wider impact of the cultural sector. In ‘Towards Plan A: A new political economy for arts and culture

Barnett, M. and Fujiwara, D. (2013) Return on cultural investment: Developing the wider impact of the cultural sector. In ‘Towards Plan A: A new political economy for arts and culture. The Arts Council England and the RSA.

 

In this RSA and Arts Council England paper, Daniel Fujiwara discusses the room for improvement in evaluation of the impact of arts and culture, and the tools that are available to do this in a robust way. These tools can support both assessment the causal impact of cultural activity and the valuation of that impact.

Museums and Happiness

Fujiwara, D. (2013). Museums and Happiness. Happy Museum Project

 

Arts Council England and Happy Museums commissioned Simetrica to look at the relationships between museums, the arts and wellbeing. The report explores the impact on wellbeing and health of participating in and being audience to the arts and of being involved with museums and compare these impacts to other activities.

The social impact of housing providers

Fujiwara, D. (2013). The social impact of housing providers. HACT, Legal & General, Plus Dane Group.

 

This paper explores links between housing and individual wellbeing using the wellbeing valuation approach and looks at the research to date to assess some of the possible impacts of community investment programmes.

Wellbeing and civil society: Estimating the value of volunteering using subjective wellbeing data

Fujiwara, D. Oroyemi, P. & McKinnon, E. (2013). Wellbeing and civil society: Estimating the value of volunteering using subjective wellbeing data. Cabinet Office & Department for Work and Pensions

 

This paper uses the wellbeing valuation approach to value volunteering from the perspective of the volunteerand provides evidence that indicates traditional approaches to valuation may underestimate the value of volunteering.

Valuing adult learning : comparing wellbeing valuation to contingent valuation

Dolan, P. & Fujiwara, D. (2012) (with Ipsos Mori). Valuing adult learning : comparing wellbeing valuation to contingent valuation. Department for Business Innovation and Skills Research Paper no. 85.

 

This report compares the results of two valuation methods, wellbeing valuation and contingent valuation, on the impact participation in adult learning has on individual life satisfaction.

Review and Update of Research into the Wider Benefits of Adult Learning

Dolan, P., Fujiwara, D. & Metcalfe, R. (2012) Review and Update of Research into the Wider Benefits of Adult Learning. Department for Business Innovation and Skills Research Paper no. 90.

 

This research project seeks to develop the knowledge base of the wider impacts of adult learning through reviews of the literature since 2008 and new data analysis.

Valuing the impact of adult learning

Fujiwara, D. (2012). Valuing the impact of adult learning. National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) Publication

 

This report assesses the impact of a part-time adult learning course on social relationships, volunteering, health, and employment and uses wellbeing valuation to expresses these in monetary terms.

Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches

Fujiwara, D. & Campbell, R. (2011). Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches. HM Treasury and Department for Work and Pensions.

 

This paper presents the subjective wellbeing approach and its role in future social cost-beneft analysis. There is a discussion of its strengths and limitations in the valuation of non-market goods and compares the approach to two other methods of valuation.

The Green Book. Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government

Fujiwara, D. (2011) (co-author/contributor). The Green Book. Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government. HM Treasury Guidance.

 

HM Treasury guidance for public sector bodies on how to appraise proposals before committing funds to a policy, programme or project.

Analiza kosztów i korzyści społecznych na przykładzie programów wspierania Zatrudnienia (Social cost-benefit analysis: case study of employment programmes)

Fujiwara, D. (2011). Analiza kosztów i korzyści społecznych na przykładzie programów wspierania Zatrudnienia (Social cost-benefit analysis: case study of employment programmes). Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PAED).

​The Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP, Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości) published excerpts from Daniel Fujiwara’s 2010 Department for Work and Pensions paper (below) on the social cost-benefit analysis framework and its application to employment programmes in the UK as part of a knowledge base  it maintains on evaluation in public policy.

The Department for Work and Pensions Social Cost-Benefit Analysis framework: Methodologies for estimating and incorporating the wider social and economic impacts of work in Cost- Benefit Analysis of employment programmes. 

Fujiwara, D. (2010). The Department for Work and Pensions Social Cost-Benefit Analysis framework: Methodologies for estimating and incorporating the wider social and economic impacts of work in Cost- Benefit Analysis of employment programmes. Department for Work and Pensions.

This paper provides a review of the main evidence on the social impacts of employment and employment programmes, uses this evidence to derive quantitative estimates of the social costs and benefits associated with implementing employment programmes in the UK, and integrates these estimates into the existing CBA framework.

Wykorzystywanie ewaluacji wpływu do podejmowania decyzji dotyczących polityk: od ewaluacji do wyceny (Using Impact Evaluations to Inform Policy Decisions: Moving from Evaluation to Valuation)

Fujiwara, D. (2013). Wykorzystywanie ewaluacji wpływu do podejmowania decyzji dotyczących polityk: od ewaluacji do wyceny (Using Impact Evaluations to Inform Policy Decisions: Moving from Evaluation to Valuation). In ‘The Challenges ahead for Impact Evaluation Studies’. Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP, Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości.

​This paper provides an overview of valuation methods used in cost-benefit analysis for policy appraisal purposes – including preference-based methods (stated preference valuation and revealed preference valuation) and subjective wellbeing valuation methods. It was published as part of a knowledge base on evaluation in public policy maintained by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP, Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości).

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